In Finland the Constitution is the basis of all legislation and exercise of government power. It details the fundamental rules, values and principles of Finnish democracy.
The Constitution specifies the foundations of the relationship between the individual and government. It also contains provisions about the principles of the exercise of power by government, government organisation and the relationships between the highest organs of government.
The Constitution of Finland entered into force on 1 March 2000.
The Constitution of Finland is also available in
- English (updated 2012), Finlex ( Constitution of Finland )
- Russian (updated 2012), Finlex ( Конституция Финляндии )
Translations from the year 2000
- German, Finlex ( Grundgesetz Finnlands )
- French, Finlex ( Constitution de la Finlande )
- Spanish, Finlex ( Constitución de Finlandia )
- Sami(Suoma vuoddoláhka) (pdf, 0.12 Mt)
The net brochure In Finland Sovereign Power Rests with the People contains an introduction to the contents of the Constitution.
Background of the Constitutional Reform in year 2000
A look into the background of the reform and the main principles of the new Constitution (2000) is provided by Jaakko Nousiainen, Professor Emeritus in Political Science, in his article